Keep in mind the 10 principles of children’s playground design, make money easily
People all know that when children play in a park or outdoor playground, they are the ones who can truly feel the joy and joy. The main responsibility of a playground designer is to consider how to design a space for children, and at the same time provide them with a safe, healthy and pleasant environment, let them play games for a long time, enjoy the fun of playing outside and getting close to nature. 11 things to keep in mind when designing a play space for kids. Before that, we must first understand why children need to play outdoors, and then follow the principles when designing.
1. Why do children need to be outdoors?
Playing outdoors can improve the children's immune system, increase their time for physical activity, stimulate their imagination and creativity, etc., so that they can feel vitality, because when playing with play equipment, they will use all the senses . Other benefits include the development of critical thinking and problem-solving skills, as well as the cultivation of respect for nature and other biological ideas. To this end, psychologists have conducted countless studies to prove these points.
2. Safety first
After considering the first step, the next step is to select the location of the children's area. A safe playground needs to be kept away from busy streets-such as motorways, sidewalks and dangerous water sources. But this does not mean that a tall fence or hedge should be installed. Admittedly, safety is paramount, but aesthetic design is still important. For example, Sunken Garden is an example of defining space through terrain rather than fences.
3. Design for age
The next thing to note is age-appropriate design. In order to provide a more interesting and safe playground, the designer needs to plan play areas of different ages. Children of different ages have different heights and abilities. For example, children's play areas of 6-23 months should have activities such as climbing, standing, and walking; on the other hand, children of 5-12 years old need to be able to play ball space. A well-designed playground helps promote children’s physical, emotional, and intellectual development.
4. Playground accessibility
Playground accessibility is another key point to keep in mind when designing children’s spaces. Good designers should provide playground facilities suitable for all children's abilities, while better designers will design play elements for people with physical defects, sensory and visual impairments, and autism. Nowadays, we have witnessed the development of healing, sensory, and healing gardens, which provide great design solutions for experts interested in special groups and children. This is worthy of reference.
Both summer and winter, trees are essential. In order to design a safe playground, the windshield should also be taken into account. That's when Songbai showed his talents. The configuration of cypress plants at different heights can achieve good results, because the wind is difficult to break through the cypress. On the other hand, a variety of plant types will also create a more sustainable and ecological environment for children, and let children understand the importance of environmental protection.
In the summer season, shade is very important. This requires careful selection of the appropriate vegetation, and the plant configuration should be considered based on the degree of shade that the trees can achieve. Colleagues, trees should be planted in a way that allows them to cast shade on people in the playground in the time of strong sunlight. To provide shade, the tree species should be those with dense foliage. Such as maple, fatong, and ash can form a wide canopy, which fits this purpose.
7. Selection of plants
After exploring the hard landscape in the playground, the next focus is on plants. The plant list includes not only the plant species to be used, but also the plant species that cannot be used under any circumstances. Remember to delve into the characteristics of each plant selected for the play area. Do not use poisonous plants, partially poisonous plants, prickly shrubs, plants that cause allergies, or plants that attract bees. The typical plants in the playground are hornbeam, cotinus coggygria, dogwood, and spiraea. Playground designers should look for plants containing fungicides and avoid inedible fruit trees.
8. Selection of paving materials
In addition to accessibility, the surface of the playground should also be safe. In order for the children to have fun and avoid the fear of falling and being injured, designers should consider the paving materials they use for the play area. The use of concrete and asphalt surfaces is undesirable because they do not have the characteristics of shock absorption and buffering. Turf is not a good method because the shock absorption function is too small. The safe surface should be a shock-absorbing rubber road surface, which is easy to install, durable and reasonable in price.
Tactile paving materials should not be ignored. It is also a safe pavement because it can be used on sidewalks, stairs and train station platforms to help blind or visually impaired pedestrians. Pebbles are not a good choice, because children are easy to play with stones, and there is a danger of swallowing or doing other harmful things.
9. Effective parental supervision
Although we are responsible for the play area we designed as a landscape architect, the greatest responsibility for children's happiness and health lies with their parents. A more important thing to keep in mind is to provide parents with a place to look after their children. The adult zone should be close enough to be supervised and far enough away for the children to have fun.
10. Guided learning
Last but not least, a perfect play area should be a safe, fun and inspiring learning area, which is very important for children's own development. Promoting physical activity through a variety of facilities or stimulating the senses through sounds, lights and graphics is a way to induce children to learn. A variety of materials, patterns, colors and shapes guide children to explore, which will be more beneficial to the design and construction of the playground.